Approaches to planning and decision-making that use Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbAEbA Ecosystem-based adaptation - an adaptation approach to climate- and environmental-change which primarily deploys ecosystems and ecosystem functions to mitigate risks from hazards.) and resilience-thinking provide a significant opportunity for small island developing states, such as Vanuatu, to deal with climate change threats while addressing other sustainable development goals.
The Pacific Ecosystem-based Adaptation to Climate Change (PEBACC) project, led by the Secretariat of the Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) and funded by the German Government and implemented by SPREP, was a five year project that investigated and promoted ecosystem-based options for adapting to climate change impacts.
ESRAM aimed to build capacity for developing and implementing EbA and community resilience projects. Phase 1 of the project included ecosystem classification, GIS mapping, on-the-ground ecosystem condition assessment, and economic valuation of ecosystem servicesecosystem services Ecosystem services are the goods and services provided by nature which are experienced as or transformed into benefits for human society. They are generally classed as 'provisioning' (material things that are consumed), 'regulating' (non-material benefits derived from habitat functioning), and 'cultural' (non-material benefits obtained from an experience of nature, including tourism)., in line with the (then) emerging System of Environmental Economic Accounting Ecosystem Accounting module. ESRAM also included a resilience analysis, based on census data and infrastructure mapping to assess community vulnerability and governance assessment.